Wednesday, 11 December 2013

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, the One with Abundant and Diverse Species of Flora and Fauna


The Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the top eco-tourist places in Kerala. The sanctuary is situated in the rain shadow region of Western Ghats of Kerala,
in India. This wildlife sanctuary is renowned for its wide range of diverse species of flora and fauna. Spread over an area of around 90.44 sq. km, the sanctuary is also a home to the large range of species of birds and butterflies.
The region is also considered to inhabit the largest number of reptilian fauna among other sanctuaries in Kerala, including the well known mugger crocodile.

Flora and Fauna
The chief species of thorny scrubs found in the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary are Acacia arabica, Acacia leucofolia, Acacia concinna, Prosporis juliflora, and Opuntia dillenii. The dry deciduous species of this place include Santallum album, Anogeissus latifolia, Terminalia Arjuna, Tamarindus indica and the list goes on.

High shoal and wetland species of this sanctuary involve Rhododendron nilagiricum, Elaeocarpus, recurvatus, Strobilanthus kunthianus and many more.

The sanctuary is a home to around 34 species of mammals including elephant, gaur, panther, spotted deer, sambar, grizzled giant squirrel, Hanuman monkey etc.

The Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is also involves 245 species of birds, 36 species of reptiles, 22 species of amphibians and 42 species of fishes.

Albizia lathamii, a critically endangered species has been also been reported around the dry forest region of this sanctuary.

Chinnar is also popular as a storehouse of medicinal plants.
The renowned ‘white bison of Manjampatti’ has also been reported at this rich wildlife sanctuary of Chinnar.

Things to Do
Certainly, the main purpose of the tourists visiting this sanctuary is to explore the rich variety of flora and fauna of this region. Apart from this, the sanctuary is also popular among the bird watchers due to the existence of wide variety of species of birds.

One of the chief attractions of this sanctuary is the Thoovanam waterfall, which drives hundreds of tourists to this place. A watchtower located within the compounds of the sanctuary offers a spectacular view of the sanctuary and also the scenic views of nearby state of Tamil Nadu and far away mountains.

The sanctuary is also very much popular among the tourists as a trekker’s paradise.
Another thing to visit at this wildlife sanctuary is the dolmens. These dolmens were structured during the Neolithic period and are situated near Marayur. They are considered to be the burial grounds for Adi Chera royal dynasty.

Accommodation
While on a trip to this sanctuary, tourists can stay at Munnar, as the place has many five-star and three-star hotels along with resorts with affordable price rates. Munnar is at a close distance from the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary.  

Best Season to Visit
The sanctuary can be visited throughout the year except for the monsoon season.

How to Reach
By Road- The sanctuary has a good network of roads connecting it with major places in Kerala.
By Air- The nearest airport to this sanctuary is at Cochin, around 200 km away.
By Rail- The nearest railway station is at Pollachi, at a distance of about 60 km.

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